Range expansion

Index of articles about (mainly) breeding range expansion of different bird species in Northwest Africa.

House Bunting (Emberiza sahari), Tissemsilt, northern Algeria (Mohamed Maïrif).

House Bunting reached Algeria’s Mediterranean coast

House Bunting found breeding at the Casbah of Algiers. It’s the first observation of this ‘southern’ species on the Mediterranean coast of the country. The House Bunting (Emberiza sahari) is a widely distributed species across North Africa from Morocco to western Libya. And it’s also patchily distributed in the Sahara from Mauritania to Chad. Although …

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Great Spotted Cuckoo (Clamator glandarius) begging for food from its adoptive parent, the Maghreb Magpie (Pica mauritanica), north-east Algeria, July 2019 (Mourad Harzallah)

Great Spotted Cuckoo breeds in Algeria for the first time

Breeding of Great Spotted Cuckoo in Algeria is confirmed probably for the first time ever. The breeding of Great Spotted Cuckoo (Clamator Glandarius) is Algeria was suspected based on old records, but probably never confirmed (see under the next photo). Last July, naturalist Mourad Harzallah confirmed the breeding of the species in Algeria beyond any …

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Chicks of Great Spotted Cuckoo (Clamator glandarius), Fes, Morocco, April 2019 (Wafae Squalli).

First breeding of Great Spotted Cuckoo in Morocco north of the Atlas Mountains

The Great Spotted Cuckoo (Clamator glandarius) is widespread in southern Europe and sub-Saharan Africa. The breeding of the species in North Africa is, however, far less common. The first breeding of the species in Morocco was recorded only in 1990 near Taroudant in Souss region (Maumary & Dupperex 1991). And currently, the species breeds regularly …

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Black-headed Gulls / Mouettes rieuses (Chroicocephalus ridibundus): occupied nests, Dayet Dar Bouazza, Morocco, 26 May 2018 (Benoit Maire).

Breeding of Black-headed Gull at Dayet Dar Bouazza, Morocco

The Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) slowly colonising new sites in Morocco. However, not all these ‘colonies’ are comparable: while some are large enough and stable, others consist only of a few breeding pairs. (But the latter will probably grow if the right conditions are present; for instance, enough immigrants are recruited to the colony during …

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Eurasian Spoonbills / Spatules blanches (Platalea leucorodia), Barrage Oued El-Maleh, Casablanca region, Morocco, March 2018 (by Rhimou El Hamoumi).

New Spoonbill colony discovered in Morocco

The Smir colony Since 1994, the Smir heronry hosted the only breeding population of the nominate subspecies of the Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) in Africa (El Agbani et al. 2002; El Khamlichi & Amezian 2015). The multi-species colony hosts also breeding populations of Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis), Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) and Little Egret …

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Northern Bald Ibis / Ibis chauve (Geronticus eremita), Souss-Massa National Park, Morocco (Lutz Dürselen)

New Northern Bald Ibis breeding sites discovered in Morocco

The breeding of Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita) in the last wild population in southern Morocco has been exceptional during the last few years. With this breeding output, the establishment of new breeding colonies was expected for some time now. The productivity ranged between 1 and 1.7 fledged chicks per breeding pair, and the overall …

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Red-billed Firefinch / Amarante du Sénégal (Lagonosticta senegala), Djanet, Algeria, 29 Oct. 2016 (Khaled Ayyach)

Expansion of Red-billed Firefinch in Algeria

The Red-billed Firefinch in Algeria is expanding its range northward. This range expansion is mainly aided by human activities, but natural range expansion may have been involved as well (e.g. at Djanet and Tassili n’Ajjer region) . The Red-billed Firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala) was introduced at Tamanrasset around 1940, and also present at El-Goléa, northern Sahara, since …

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(c) The female Golden Nightjar sampled in this study, Oued Jenaa, Aousserd, 20 April 2016. (d) Vascularised brood patch indicating local breeding.

Taxonomy and breeding range extension of Golden Nightjar

Golden Nightjar (Caprimulgus eximius) is an apparently sedentary sub-Saharan species with a breeding range extending from Senegal and Mauritania to Sudan. Although genetic studies of nightjars and related Caprimulgiformes have been published previously, none has included Golden Nightjar. In this study published in the Ostrich journal (Lawrie et al. 2017), mitochondrial and nuclear DNA of …

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Moroccan Wagtail (Motacilla alba subpersonata), Béchar, western Algeria, September 2016 (Ali Mehadji)

Premières observations de la ‘Bergeronnette du Maroc’ en Algérie

La Bergeronnette du Maroc (Motacilla alba supersonata) est un taxon endémique à l’Afrique du Nord-Ouest. Avant les années 1960, ses zones de reproduction principales sont situées dans la partie ouest du Maroc entre le Haut Atlas et la côte atlantique, ainsi que dans le nord-est du pays. Depuis les années 1960, elle a commencée à …

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