Cape Verde Shearwater in the Canary Islands and Morocco

By MaghrebOrnitho | 30 August 2019

The Cape Verde Shearwater (Calonectris edwardsii), as its name may suggests, is an endemic breeder to Cape Verde islands, and winters mainly in South Atlantic off South America (González-Solís et al. 2009). The species rarely ventures north of its breeding areas (or so we thought!).

During the breading season, Cape Verde Shearwaters also frequently visit the rich upwelling area off the West African coast between Senegal and northern Mauritania (Paiva et al. 2015). Although occasional feeding trips to Cap Nouadhibou (Cap Banc) and as far north as Dakhla were also recorded thanks to GPS tracking (map reproduced below); sightings of Cape Verde Shearwaters north of their home range (breeding and feeding areas) are still relatively rare.

Foraging patterns of Cape Verde Shearwaters from Raso islet since 2013. Note that one bird went as far north as Dakhla during a feeding trip (Map shared by Vitor Paiva).
Foraging patterns of Cape Verde Shearwaters breeding at Raso islet, Cepe Verde, since 2013. Note that one bird went as far north as Dakhla during a feeding trip (Data of Vitor Paiva and partners).

Sightings of Cape Verde Shearwaters north of their normal range

North of Cap Nouadhibou in Mauritania, there are only a handful of records from the Canary Islands, Selvagens Islands and Morocco.

Selvagens Islands: the first record for these islands was a dead bird in June 2005. The second one was a live bird resting in the middle of a Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris borealis) colony (see Fagundes et al. 2012).

Canary Islands: the first records for the archipelago were found at a Cory’s Shearwater colony at Montaña Clara islet, north of Lanzarote: two different adults of undetermined sex caught during ringing sessions on 6 and 23 May 2010 respectively (see Gutiérrez et al. 2010). The third record for the Canaries was also caught and ringed at the same Cory’s Shearwater colony in summer 2013 (Photos of this bird here).

Three additional records were obtained in summer 2016 (see Gil-Velasco et al. 2016): three different birds were caught and ringed at three different Cory’s Shearwater colonies in the archipelago: one at Barranco de Veneguera (Gran Canaria), one at Montaña Clara islet (off Lanzarote) and one at Timanfaya National Park (Lanzarote).

Morocco: two birds at Souss estuary on 19 March 2001. This record was first rejected in 2001, but after the availability of fresh documentation it was re-analysed and accepted three years later (see Bergier et al. 2009). This was the first Moroccan record for the species.

GPS tracking of a Cape Verde Shearwater caught in the Canary Islands

During the breeding season of 2019, yet another Cape Verde Shearwater was trapped in the Cory’s Shearwater colony at Montaña Clara islet by the University of Barcelona’s ‘Seabird Ecology’ group. “The bird has a brood patch typical from breeders (but also some pre-breeders), and it went into an inaccessible burrow when released” wrote the group in twitter (embedded below).

The bird was fitted with a GPS tracking device to follow its movement. Less than a month later, the GPS tracking got interesting results (map reproduced below): the bird visited the Moroccan coast and went up north to Agadir and Cap Ghir (the area attracts good numbers of seabirds and is known for seawatching).

Movements of a Cape Verde Shearwater caught and GPS-tracked in Montaña Clara islet, off Lanzarote, Canary Islands (Data of the University of Barcelona's ‘Seabird Ecology’ group)
First GPS track ever of a Cape Verde Shearwater caught in Montaña Clara islet, off Lanzarote, Canary Islands (Data of the ‘Seabird Ecology’ group of University of Barcelona)

The birds whose movements are shown in the two maps would be the second and the third known records for the species in Morocco.

Taken together, all these records and new data show that Cape Verde Shearwaters do wander north of their normal range albeit probably in very small numbers.

References:

Bergier, P., Franchimont, J., Thévenot, M. & the MRBC. 2009. Rare birds in Morocco: report of the Moroccan Rare Birds Committee (2004–2006). Bull ABC 16: 23-26.

Fagundes, I., Pérez, C. & Moniz, F. 2012. Cape Verde Shearwater in Selvagens in April 2012. Dutch Birding 34: 310-311.

Gil-Velasco, M., Rouco, M., Ferrer, J., García-Tarrasón, M., García-Vargas, F. J., Gutiérrez, A., Hevia, R., López, F., López-Velasco, D., Ollé, À., Rodríguez, G. Sagardía, J. & Salazar, J. A. 2018. Observaciones de aves raras en España, 2016. Ardeola 65: 97–139. doi: 10.13157/arla.65.1.2018.rb

González-Solís, J., Felicísimo, A., Fox, J.W., Afanasyev, V., Kolbeinsson, Y. & Muñoz, J. 2009. Influence of sea surface winds on shearwater migration detours. Marine Ecology Progress Series 391: 221-230.

Gutiérrez, R., Lorenzo, J.A., Gorospe, G., Gutiérrez, P., López-Velasco, D., Martí-Aledo, J., Sales, S. & Vidal, C. 2011. Observaciones de aves raras en España, 2010. Ardeola 59: 353-411.

Paiva, V.H., Geraldes, P., Rodrigues, I., Melo, T., Melo, J. & Ramos, J.A. 2015. The foraging ecology of the endangered Cape Verde Shearwater, a sentinel species for marine conservation off West Africa. PloS One 10(10): e0139390. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139390

The Cape Verde Shearwater (Calonectris edwardsii) on the right is noticeably much smaller than the Cory's Shearwater (Calonectris borealis), Montaña Clara islet, off Lanzarote, 6 May 2010 (Beneharo Rodríguez). This is the first record for the Canary Islands.
The Cape Verde Shearwater (Calonectris edwardsii) on the right is noticeably much smaller than the Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris borealis), Montaña Clara islet, off Lanzarote, 6 May 2010 (Beneharo Rodríguez). This is the first record for the Canary Islands.


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